What is the difference between trigeminal neuralgia and other types of facial pain?

Trigeminal neuralgia is distinct with its sharp, electric, “shock-like” pain that comes and goes quickly and repeats itself in cycles. Neuropathic facial pain is a burning, dull pain that is more constant but may be accompanied rarely by sharp stabbing pains; it can be caused by trauma to the trigeminal nerve but often has no known cause.


What causes trigeminal neuralgia?

While the origin of trigeminal neuralgia is not completely understood, blood vessels that compress the trigeminal nerve, tumors, and multiple sclerosis are the most frequent causes of the disorder. 


Is trigeminal neuralgia life threatening?

No, but it can greatly impact your quality of life. As such, it is important to visit the Colorado Trigeminal Neuralgia Clinic as soon as you suspect you or a loved one might suffer from trigeminal neuralgia or other facial pain. The sooner you are diagnosed, the sooner you can find relief.


Is surgery the only way to treat trigeminal neuralgia?

No. In fact, 75 percent of all trigeminal neuralgia cases are effectively treated with medications, including anticonvulsants, muscle relaxants, and antidepressants. Only patients with trigeminal neuralgia that does not respond to medications or those unable to tolerate medications are referred for surgeries.