Below is a list of studies and research used throughout the site and in the Spine Surgery – Is It For You? brochure.


80 percent of people with back pain will find relief with conservative treatments, like physical therapy and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories (NSAIDs):

  • Grotle M, Brox JI, Veierod MB, et al. Clinical course and prognostic factors in acute low back pain: Patients consulting primary care for the first time. Spine (Philadelphia, PA, 1976). 2005; 30(8): 976-982.


More than 20 percent of Americans suffer from back and neck pain annually, yet less than five percent of people will require surgery:


Sacroiliac (SI) joint dysfunction occurs causes up to 30 percent of all lower back pain:


Low back pain and buttock pain aren’t always caused by problems with the spine. For about one in four people with low back pain, the cause is the sacroiliac joint:


According to scientific data, it’s common for pain from the SI joint to feel like disc or lower back pain. For this reason, SI joint disorders should always be considered in lower back pain diagnosis:


One way to identify pain coming from the SI joint is to inject the joint with a local anesthetic. If symptoms are improved by at least 75 percent but return within hours, the SI joint may be the cause or a major contributor to the low back or buttock pain:


People who choose SI joint fusion report significant pain relief and improved quality of life, with greater than 80 percent patient satisfaction:

  • SI Bone, Inc. 2014. "The iFuse Implant System Difference, Clinical Evidence": 3


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